Early operating theater

Courses for Spring 2011

Medical History and Bioethics 212:
The Physician in History

Instructor: Shannon Withycombe

This course presents an introductory survey of the history of medicine from Antiquity to the 20th Century, and is aimed primarily at students interested in careers in the health professions. It explains how the understanding of health and illness has evolved in Western culture, showing why particular ideas of illness came into dominance at different moments in history. Most importantly, by providing the “long perspective” on the history of medicine, the course attempts to challenge some widely held assumptions about how the advancement of science has contributed to modern medicine.

Crosslisted with History of Science

3 cr.; H (Humanities), E (Elementary)

MoWe 2:25PM - 3:15PM

Prerequisites: Open to Fr. For honors credit con reg in Hist Sci/Hist Med 284 or cons inst


Medical History and Bioethics 331:
Science, Medicine & Religion

Instructor: Ronald L. Numbers

Science and religion are often thought of as totally distinct enterprises, existing in separate worlds. Yet many tales of conflict between science and religion (including medicine and religion) continue to circulate. How is this possible? Is it that religion and/or science have forgotten their proper roles and have illegitimately invaded each other's territory? Or is the notion that science and religion inhabit separate worlds based on a misunderstanding of the nature of science and the nature of religion? This course explores such questions through a survey of science and religion interactions in the Western (including Christian, Jewish, and Islamic) traditions.

Crosslisted with History of Science and Religious Studies

3 cr.; H (Humanities), D (Intermediate or Advanced)

MoWe 11:00AM - 12:15PM

Prerequisites: Jr st and cons inst


Medical History and Bioethics 509:
The Development of Public Health in America

Instructors: Susan Lederer and Dayle Delancey

This course surveys the history of public health in the United States from the colonial period to the late twentieth century, emphasizing many issues in the development of public responsibility for health that are relevant at the beginning of the 21st century, including responses to epidemic diseases. The course is run as a seminar/discussion, and part of the student requirements include regular and constructive class participation.

Crosslisted with History of Science

3 cr.; B (Biological Science), I (Intermediate);

TuTh 1:00PM - 2:15PM

Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing


Medical History and Bioethics 523:
Race, American Medicine and Public Health

Instructor: Susan M. Lederer

The problem of the 20th century, wrote W.E.B. DuBois in The Souls of Black Folk (1903), “is the problem of the color-line.” This course considers the issue of the color line in American medicine over the past two centuries. We will be looking at the ways in which skin color (and other elements of “racial identity”) have influenced the experiences of patients, physicians and nurses, and medical researchers, seeking to document and analyze how conceptions of race have shaped the health concerns and health outcomes of Americans in the past two hundred years. Topics include the origins of racial classification, the health and medical care of slaves, the use of minorities as research subjects, especially the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, the history of racial disparities in medicine, and the efforts to integrate the American medical profession.

Crosslisted with History of Science and with Afro-American Studies

3 cr.; S (Social Science), D (Intermediate or Advanced)

TuTh 11:00AM - 12:15PM

Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing


Medical History and Bioethics 558:
Ethical Issues in Health Care

Instructor: Norman C. Fost

Ethical issues apparently created by new biomedical technologies, such as genetic screening, prenatal diagnosis, prolongation of life, treatment of severe birth defects, in vitro fertilization, behavior modification, psychosurgery, and transplantation.

Crosslisted with Philosophy

3 cr.; H (Humanities), I (Intermediate)

Tu 11:00AM - 12:15PM

Prerequisites: Junior standing; Includes graduate and professional careers


Medical History and Bioethics 559-001:
Issues in Innovative Medicine: Regenerative Medicine and Nanobiotechnology

Instructor: Linda F. Hogle

This course is designed to introduce upper-level undergraduate students to ethical, policy and social issues related to regenerative medicine. We will focus on stem cell research and related areas of regenerative medicine, and nanobiomedicine. The course is interdisciplinary: we will use material from history, social science, ethics, humanities, communications/media as well as public policy.

Not cross-listed

Humanities; Intermediate or Advanced

Time: Mo 4:00PM - 7:00PM

Prerequisites: Must have Junior standing or Higher. Includes graduate and professional careers


Medical History and Bioethics 559-002:
Public Health Ethics

Instructor: Paul Kelleher

This course focuses on ethical issues distinctive of a population-level approach to disease prevention and health promotion. Students will explore prominent theoretical approaches to public health ethics and will engage with several ethical tensions. Special topics for the Spring 2011 semester include climate change and the social determinants of health. Other issues we will discuss include: the use of coercive or intrusive public health interventions that restrict individual freedom, infringe upon individual privacy, and/or invite individual harm (or risks of harm); the justification of paternalistic measures in societies or sub-populations that seemingly indulge in pleasurable yet unhealthy behaviors; the extent to which societies should hold individuals responsible for their health conditions; the need to decide who receives life-saving treatment or vaccination when not all can; the need to choose between the identifiable victims we can save with expensive measures here and now and the more numerous unidentifiable victims we could save in the future with the same monetary investment; the trade-offs between maximizing aggregate health benefits and addressing the special needs of vulnerable social sub-groups and individuals; and the need to establish reasonable limits to public health demands in a world where health outcomes are profoundly influenced by policies in other domains (such as transportation, housing, unemployment, and education) that generate their own ethical problems and imperatives.

Meets with Phil 305-001

3 cr.; H (Humanities), D (Intermediate or Advanced)

TuTh 11:00AM - 12:15PM

Prerequisites: Cons inst; enrollment may be limited depending on topic and approach


Medical History and Bioethics 559-003:
Philosophical & Ethical Perspectives on Health & Environment

Instructor: Robert K. Streiffer

This is a course for upper-level undergraduates. Much of the environmental ethics literature focuses on the related questions of whether nature has intrinsic value and whether humans have direct moral obligations to non-human entities, including plants, animals, species, ecosystems, and the biosphere as a whole. Indeed, some have argued that for an ethic to truly be an environmental ethic just is for it to answer those questions in the affirmative. But a growing number of philosophers are arguing that an anthropocentric (human-centered) ethic can justify environmental protections substantially equivalent to those justified by non-anthropocentric theories. This course focuses on anthropocentric environmental ethics approaches that address the connections between human health, both individual and public, and the natural environment. We will study representative examples and defenses of these perspectives, consider the extent to which they overlap and converge on a practical agenda, and explore several related areas of applied ethics, including: environmental justice, global climate change, intergenerational justice, and population ethics.

Meets with Phil 543-001

3 cr.; H (Humanities), D (Intermediate or Advanced)

TuTh 1:00PM - 2:15PM

Prerequisites: Cons inst; enrollment may be limited depending on topic and approach


Medical History and Bioethics 562:
Byzantine Medicine and Pharmacy

Instructor: John Scarborough

Byzantine and Islamic medicine and drug lore from Oribasius to the beginnings of the Italian Renaissance (c. 350-c. 1400 A.D.).

Crosslisted with S&A Pharmacy, History, History of Science, and Medieval

3 cr.; H (Humanities), I (Intermediate)

Time: TuTh 2:30PM - 3:45PM

Prerequisites: Jr or Sr st or cons inst


Medical History and Bioethics 610:
Linda F. Hogle

Instructors: Regenerative Medicine Ethics and Society

This course is designed to introduce graduate students to ethical, policy and social issues related to regenerative medicine, specifically stem cell research. It is designed primarily for the needs of students in medicine, law, public policy and science & engineering fields who work in stem cell or related areas of research. Primary scientific and policy documents will be used as resources as well as analyses of current social and political environments. Other students and faculty are welcome but should first consult the instructor. NOTE: THIS COURSE IS TAUGHT AS A CONCENTRATED, SHORT COURSE (7 sessions).

Not cross-listed

Fr 9:00AM - 12:00PM

Prerequisites: Grad st and permission of instructor (3 credit). Grad st (1 credit)


Medical History and Bioethics 668-001:
A History of Western Disability

Instructor: Walton Schalick

Disability is a word which surrounds us. From debates about end-of-life issues to Social Security from test-taking ‘allowances’ to Not-Dead-Yet, from Medicaid cutbacks to Terry Schiavo, disability is in the media, on our lips and in our ears. What is disability? How has disability changed over time and in different cultures? Where does such an idea come from? What social, cultural, and political assumptions is it based upon? Examining a wide range of historical arguments about the nature and purpose of disability, from pre-history to Plato, to medieval theologians, to more contemporary works, we will approach the history of disability in Western thought and social practice in terms of its relation to arguments about the role of human development and the formulation of personhood, citizenship, and social well being. The readings will include a thick mixture of primary sources in translation and secondary sources, both classic and newly published. We will encounter a variety of techniques and tools used by historians and other scholars as we course through the sessions. The emphasis of our discussions will be the characteristics of disability in a variety of centuries and cultures as well as lacunae in our understanding and debates in the literature.

Crosslisted with History of Science

3 cr.; A (Advanced)

MW 2:30pm - 3:45pm

Prerequisites: Junior standing


Medical History and Bioethics 668-002:
Medical Technologies in Historical Perspective

Instructor: Dayle DeLancey

From imaging devices to pharmaceuticals, medical technologies are often among the most novel and controversial aspects of contemporary society. Yet, U.S. history reveals that neither the emergence of high profile medical technologies nor the dilemmas that often accompany their arrival are strictly ‘modern day’ phenomena. History also demonstrates that such technologies tend to reflect not only the medical science, but also the social concerns, of the periods in which they have emerged. In this course, we will explore the ways in which a range of technologies – e.g. stethoscopes, spirometers, sphygmomanometers, hospital design, x-rays, reproductive technologies, gene therapy, virtual medicine, etc. – have at once shaped medicine and invited critique. Using readings from a range of sources illuminating key medical technologies in the 18th to 21st century U.S., we will analyze these technologies in historical, social, and theoretical context. Questions guiding our work will include: What are the historical roots of significant medical technologies? How did these technologies shape medicine? Why have physicians and the pubic embraced some medical technologies and not others? What non-medical technologies have influenced the development of medical technologies? How has the historiography of medical technology shaped the histories of medicine and science as academic disciplines? Has medical technology ever been ‘value free’?

Crosslisted with History of Science

3 cr.; A (Advanced)

11:00-12:15 TR

Prerequisites: Junior standing


Medical History and Bioethics 668-004:
Africa, Med Pluralism & the Hist of Health & Disease

Instructor: Helen Tilley

This seminar explores the history of health and disease in Africa, focusing most extensively on the effects and legacies of European colonialism from 1880 to the present. The readings and class discussions will consider a variety of “healing” traditions and cognitive frameworks, both indigenous and introduced. Since no approach was monolithic or static, a central aim of the course will be to understand how developments like imperialism, market economies, migration, and epidemiological and demographic change have affected health conditions and responses in the continent. We will pay considerable attention in this course to “hybrid” situations during the colonial and post-colonial periods in which multiple approaches to health care were pursued simultaneously. This should help put more recent experiences with HIV/AIDS, infectious diseases (sleeping sickness, tuberculosis, malaria), and also with magic and medicine in a deeper historical context.

Crosslisted with History of Science

3 cr.; A (Advanced)

9:30-10:45 TR

Prerequisites: Junior standing


Medical History and Bioethics 668-005:
International Health and the Global Environment: An Introduction

Instructors: Richard Keller and Helen Tilley

The global expansion of infectious diseases and increasing health disparities between industrialized and developing countries have been among the major concerns in international health circles for at least two decades. Yet an increasing awareness of the links between these problems and the global environment has emerged among public health professionals and caregivers only in the past few years. This course aims at expanding awareness of the intersections of major international health problems and a crisis of the global environment by outlining both contemporary and historical dimensions of this juncture to beginning undergraduates through a truly interdisciplinary exposition. Led by Professors Richard Keller and Helen Tilley in the Department of Medical History and Bioethics, the course will integrate faculty experts from a range of departments to present a survey of the principal biological, geographical, social, and cultural aspects of health and the global environment.

Crosslisted with History of Science, meets with ENV St 200

3 cr.; A (Advanced)

1:00-2:15 TR

Prerequisites: Junior standing


Medical History and Bioethics 699:
Independent Study in Medical History

Instructor: Staff

To be arranged with instructor.

Not cross-listed

1-3 cr.; C (counts for L&S), A (Advanced)

Time to be arranged

Prerequisites: Jr st and cons instr


Medical History and Bioethics 730:
Ethical Issues in Medicine

Instructor: Norman Fost

Seminar-discussions. Problems: abortion, prenatal diagnosis, genetic screening, euthanasia, definition of death, experimentation, and patients' rights. Open to all 4th yr Med students (8 or 16 wks) as an elective.

Not cross-listed

1 cr.; Graduate, advanced

Time/Room TBA; 6 week course

Prerequisites: Med Students, or by consent of instructor


Medical History and Bioethics 890:
Reading and Research

Instructor: Staff

To be arranged with instructor.

Not cross-listed

1-3 cr. A (Advanced)

Time to be arranged

Prereq: Open to all 4th yr Med stdts (8 or 16 wks) & Grad stdts of all other depts (16 wks)


Medical History and Bioethics 999:
Advanced Independent Study

Instructor: Staff

To be arranged with instructor.

Not cross-listed

1-3 cr.; A (Advanced)

Time to be arranged

Prerequisites: Grad stdts who have the Masters or equiv, or Postdoc fellows who wish to undertake an independent research project.

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